Wednesday 17 July 2013

Vocabulary & Ontology for Library Linked Data

The vocabulary list is reorganized from Linked Open Vocabulary ; W3C Incubator Group Report (2011); the Open Metadata Registry (formerly the NSDL Registry); and some others. Note that W3C report uses two types of grouping (i.e. Value Vocabularies and Metadata Element Sets ) which are similar to the Library Community who uses Controlled Vocabularies and Metadata Schemata for classification. The list below is grouped in two types: the new emerging developments for linked open data (LOD) as well as the traditional type in LAM (Library, Archive and Museum). Each main type has sub-types based on data resource type, i.e. General for GLAM, Library/bibliography (e.g. text based data mainly), and Cultural Heritage and Museum (e.g. audio, cartographic, images, cultural/museum objects, etc.)

LOD: General for GLAM (Gallery, Library, Archive, Museum)
  1. DAIA: Document Availability Information Ontology
  2. Data Catalog Vocabulary (W3C:2013)
  3. Dataset Catalog Vocabulary (2009)
  4. DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Metadata Terms
  5. DCMI Collection Description Community
  6. DiLEO: Digital Library Evaluation Ontology
  7. Directory Schema (2005)
  8. EAC-CPF: Encoded Archival Context – Corporate bodies, Persons, and Families
  9. EAD: Encoded Archival Description
  10. EDM: Europeana Data Model
  11. EPrints Ontology
  12. Finnish Ontology Library Service ONKI
  13. GISAD: General International Standard Archival Description
  14. Linked Data Vocabularies for Cultural Heritage
  15. LOCAH RDF Vocabulary
  16. Library of Congress Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies (LC Children's Subject Headings/ LC Genre/Form Terms / LC Name Authority File/ LC Subject Headings/ MARC Countries/ MARC Geographic Areas/ Thesaurus for Graphic Materials/ ISO639 Languages/ MARC Languages/ MARC Relators)/Code List for Cultural Heritage Organizations (new)
  17. LODLAM Pattern
  18. MADS/RDF: Metadata Authority Description Schema in RDF
  19. MODS/RDF: Metadata Object Description Schema in RDF
  20. MARC21: MAchine-Readable Cataloging
  21. OAI-ORE: Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange
  22. OAI ORE terms vocabularyPRONOM (2011)
  23. PREMIS: Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies Ontology (Library of Congress/LC)
  24. R4RRelations for Reusing (R4R) Ontology
  25. RSLP: Research Support Libraries Programme Collection Description Schema
  26. SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organization System RDF Schema
  27. SKOS-XL: SKOS eXtension for Labels
  28. SNaP Ontologies: Simple News and Press Ontologies
  29. The Pattern Ontology
  30. Works, licences, derivatives and dependencies (W3C: SWAP)

LOD: Library/bibliography/citation
  1. BIBO: Bibliographic Ontology
  2. BibTeX ontology
  3. CiTO: Citation Type Ontology
  4. GND Ontology (2012: GND stands for "Gemeinsame Normdatei" (Integrated Authority File)
  5. IFLA: The International Federation of Library Associations Lists ( ISBD / FRBRer/ FRAD / FRSAD/ UNIMARC) ; FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records / Library (final report, 2008); FRBRoo Model (version 2.0, encoded in RDFS, [6-6-2013])
  6. Library extension of (2012: OCLC)
  7. JATS: The Standard: JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, version 1.0 (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012)*
  8. lobid vocab
  9. New York Times subject headings
  10. Norwegian translation of MeSH
  11. RDA: Resource Description and Access Vocabularies
  12. SALT Document Ontology: model the content of scientific publications at different granularity levels.
  13. SwetoDblp Ontology of Computer Science Publications
  14. SWRC: Semantic Web for Research Communities
LOD: Cultural Heritage/Museum
  1. AAT in LOD: the SPARQL end-point of (beta)
  2. Archival collections ontology
  3. Programmes ontology (BBC)
  4. CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) RDF
  5. Curate Ontology (2012) : an ontology for describing museum narratives
  6. ICONCLASS as Linked Open Data
  7. SAMM ontology (2013): based on EDM and CIDOC CRM
  8. ma-ont(2012): Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 (W3C)
  9. Music Ontology

LAM: General
  1. ANSI/NISO Z39.19 - Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies
  2. DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (1999); DC Metadata Term (2010)
  3. DDC: Dewey Decimal Classification System
  4. ESE: Europeana Semantic Elements
  5. GETTY: GETTY vocabulary / Some mappings by GETTY
  6. ISO 25964. Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies
  7. TEI: Text Encoding Initiative
  8. UDC: The Universal Decimal Classification
  9. VIAF: Virtual International Authority File
LAM: Library/bibliography
  1. EAD: Encoded Archival Description / (Library of Congress/LC)/XML formats/tree structure
  2. LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH: 1898); in 2008 LCSH are published as LOD.
  3. MARC: MAchine-Readable Cataloging/MARC Standard (Library of Congress/LC:1999) :flat structure for displaying records
  4. MeSH : Medical Subject Headings
  5. METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard / (Library of Congress/LC)
  6. MODS: Metadata Object Description Schema / (Library of Congress/LC)
  7. NDLSH: National Diet Library List of Subject Headings (NDLSH)
  8. RAMEAU/SKOS/ Répertoire d'Autorité-Matière Encyclopédique et Alphabétique Unifié (RAMEAU) (French approach in subject headings cataloging as linked data 2012)
  9. SWD: Schlagwortnormdatei/ Subject Headings Authority File of the German National Library
LAM: Cultural Heritage/Museum
  1. AAT: Art and Architecture Thesaurus (Getty)
  2. AFS ET: American Folklore Society Ethnographic Thesaurus
  3. CCO Commons: Cataloging Cultural Objects Commons*
  4. CDWA: Categories for the Description of Works of Art ((Getty))
  5. CHIN Humanities Data Dictionary: Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN) Humanities Data Dictionary*
  6. CIDOC-CRM: CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (2003-)
  7. CIMI: Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information
  8. EBU P/Meta Semantic Metadata Schema
  9. Iconclass: Description and retrieval of subjects represented in images
  10. LIDO: Lightweight Information Describing Objects schema of ATHENA
  11. object ID
  12. PBCore: Public Broadcasting Metadata Dictionary
  13. SPECTRUM: the UK Museum Collections Management Standard
  14. TGM: Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (Library of Congress/LC)
  15. ULAN: Getty Union List of Artist Names (Getty)
  16. VRA: Visual Resources Association CORE (Library of Congress/LC)
Citation Information:
Andrea Wei-Ching Huang (2013) Vocabulary and Ontology for Library Linked Data. 

Last updated*: 2015-05-13

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Vocabulary & Ontology for Library Linked Data by Andrea Wei-Ching Huang is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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